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Important Facts About Mesothelioma and the Coast Guard
- The Coast Guard is the smallest branch of the U.S. military but still has veterans developing mesothelioma decades after service.
- Exposure to asbestos occurred on different types of Coast Guard ships: cutters; utility boats; interceptors; and port security boats.
- Shipyard workers at the Coast Guard’s Curtis Bay Shipyard, in Baltimore, Maryland, also were exposed regularly.
- VA benefits in the form of monthly compensation are available to Coast Guard veterans with mesothelioma.
Rates of Mesothelioma Among Coast Guard Veterans
The Coast Guard is the smallest branch in the United States military. There are only around 40,000 active members and 7,000 Coast Guard reserves. This is about 1/8th the size of the Navy and 1/12th the size of the Army.
Due to the small size of the branch, there are very few Coast Guard veterans with mesothelioma. However, there are some diagnosed every year.
Asbestos in the Coast Guard
The Coast Guard is a maritime law enforcement agency and part of the Department of Homeland Security. It conducts search and rescue missions, defends the environment and protects U.S. coastlines and waterways.
Coast Guard members served on ships and in shipyards. Their asbestos exposures are similar to the Navy, which has the highest rate of mesothelioma cases in the military. So it’s safe to assume Coast Guard veterans were exposed regularly to asbestos.
Coast Guard Ships
Coast Guard ships built prior to the 1980s likely contained asbestos. The types of ships range from lifeboats to response boats. Other Coast Guard vessels where exposure occurred include:
- Utility boats
- Long-range and short-range interceptors
- Transportable port security boats
Some of the specific Coast Guard ships built during asbestos’ heyday include:
- 399-foot Polar class Icebreaker
- Cutter Eagle
- 378-foot Secretary class Cutter
- 282-foot Alex Haley class Cutter
Asbestos was a go-to material for insulation and fire protection, which was paramount for gaskets, valves, wiring, insulation, pipes, deck coating, floor materials, engine rooms and boiler rooms. The military didn’t know when building the ships that asbestos causes mesothelioma and other deadly diseases.
Asbestos on Cutters
Cutters, a type of boat used by the Coast Guard, were notoriously built with asbestos for decades. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security reported that any cutters built prior to 1991 may have included asbestos.
Exceptional exposure instances include maintenance procedures, such as:
- Welding or other work with heat
- Working with asbestos pipe lagging
- Repacking main and auxiliary steam valves
- Working on steam traps
- Working on the feed system and condensate system
- Removal of asbestos floor tiles, bulkhead insulation or gaskets
- Working in and around the ship’s boilers and boiler room
Asbestos in Coast Guard Shipyards
Coast Guard veterans serving in shipyards also faced a high risk of exposure to asbestos. Duke University researchers found that shipyard workers made up more mesothelioma cases than any other occupation.
A report by Occupational and Environmental Medicine correlates Coast Guard shipyard work to mesothelioma. In a study of more than 4,000 workers, there were six mesothelioma deaths. The rate was significantly higher than other diseases, and mesothelioma was the only cancer correlating to length of time serving in the shipyard.
The shipyard jobs with at least one mesothelioma death were:
- Vehicle mechanic and repair worker
- Sheet metal worker
- Shipfitter, welder, and cutter
Curtis Bay Coast Guard Shipyard
The U.S. Coast Guard operates its own shipyard, Curtis Bay Shipyard, in Baltimore, Maryland. Veterans who were stationed at Curtis Bay have a significantly higher risk of developing mesothelioma than other Coast Guard veterans.
The Curtis Bay Yard has been in operation since 1899 and is the only industrial shipyard and repair center for the Coast Guard.
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry confirms the use of asbestos in the shipyard. From the 1940s through 1963, the yard’s former “Burn Pit” was used for disposing and incinerating asbestos-containing materials, among other materials.
Compensation for Coast Guard Veterans With Mesothelioma
Coast Guard veterans are eligible for compensation from numerous sources. Benefits from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provide a consistent source of financial help. Legal claims can result in a large sum of money in one payment.
VA Claims for Coast Guard Veterans
VA claims for Coast Guard veterans with a service-connected mesothelioma start at $3,146 per month. Service-connected means the veteran was exposed primarily during active duty. This qualifies them for VA Disability Compensation.
Coast Guard veterans with civilian asbestos cancer — meaning they were exposed mostly before or after service — can file a different type of VA claim. This is called VA Pension, which is an income-based monthly benefit for veterans with wartime service.
Survivors of deceased Coast Guard veterans can file for survivors compensation if their loved one died of mesothelioma.
Legal Claims for Coast Guard Veterans
Since the military bought asbestos from manufacturers, legal claims (lawsuits and asbestos trust fund filings) go against those manufacturing companies.
These businesses knew asbestos was deadly but disregarded the health of brave Coast Guard veterans. They sold the mineral to the government for use in military ships, aircraft and more.
Veterans advocate and retired Navy LCDR Carl Jewett can help you and other Coast Guard veterans through the claims process. He can help you file your VA claim and assist you in connecting with a mesothelioma lawyer with experience handling asbestos exposure cases.
Common Questions About Mesothelioma and Coast Guard Veterans
How often do Coast Guard veterans get mesothelioma?
Mesothelioma is a rare cancer, and the Coast Guard is the smallest military branch. However, there are a few reported cases of Coast Guard veterans developing mesothelioma.
Where were Coast Guard veterans exposed to asbestos?
The U.S. Coast Guard primarily serves on ships, so asbestos exposures were similar to the Navy, which faces the highest rates of mesothelioma in the military. Coast Guard members were also exposed in shipyards, such as the Curtis Bay Shipyard in Baltimore, Maryland.
Are Coast Guard veterans with mesothelioma eligible for benefits?
The VA provides Disability Compensation or Pension payments to Coast Guard veterans with mesothelioma. VA claims benefits could provide thousands of dollars in monthly compensation to the veteran or their surviving dependents.
Sources & Author
- Active and reserve U.S. military force personnel numbers by service branch and reserve component in 2019. Statista. Retrieved from: https://www.statista.com/statistics/232330/us-military-force-numbers-by-service-branch-and-reserve-component/. Accessed: 01/30/2021.
- Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma (MPM): Analysis of Military Occupation Related to Asbestos Exposure and Subsequent VA Disability Entitlements in Veterans at the Boston VA (VABHS). AVAHO Updates. Retrieved from: https://www.mdedge.com/fedprac/avaho/article/113975/oncology/malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-mpm-analysis-military?sso=true. Accessed: 02/01/2021.
- 2021 Veterans disability compensation rates. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved from: https://www.va.gov/disability/compensation-rates/veteran-rates/. Accessed: 12/21/2020.
- The Cutters, Boats, and Aircraft of the U.S. Coast Guard. United States Coast Guard. Retrieved from: https://www.uscg.mil/Portals/0/documents/CG_Cutters-Boats-Aircraft_2015-2016_edition.pdf?ver=2018-06-14-092150-230. Accessed: 02/04/2021.
- Public Health Assessment: Curtis Bay Coast Guard Yard. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Retrieved from: https://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HAC/pha/CurtisBay121504/CurtisBay-pt1.pdf. Accessed: 02/04/2021.
- Mortality among shipyard Coast Guard workers: a retrospective cohort study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2078389/. Accessed: 03/21/2018.
- Information for Coast Guard Veterans and Retirees Filing for Veterans Affairs Disability Compensation Due to Asbestos- and Lead-Related Health Effects. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Retrieved from: https://www.dcms.uscg.mil/Our-Organization/Assistant-Commandant-for-Human-Resources-CG-1/Health-Safety-and-Work-Life-CG-11/Office-of-Health-Services-CG-112/Asbestos-Lead-Health-Effects/. Accessed: 02/04/2021.