Peritoneal mesothelioma is a form of cancer that affects the lining of the abdomen (the peritoneum). It is caused by the ingestion of asbestos fibers.
What is Peritoneal Mesothelioma?
How Is Peritoneal Mesothelioma Treated?
This is the only surgical option available to those with a peritoneal diagnosis. This surgery has high success rates when it is combined with chemotherapy.
This is the most common treatment for peritoneal mesothelioma. It is sometimes administered directly to the abdomen during surgery.
This is the least invasive treatment option for peritoneal mesothelioma patients. Radiation may be delivered during surgery as well.
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Why Choose Dr. Paul Sugarbaker?
- Developed HIPEC a.k.a. “the Sugarbaker procedure”
- Has treated many mesothelioma survivors
- Involved in clinical trials and research
- Abdominal Pain
- Loss of Appetite
- Blood Clots
- Fluid Buildup (Ascites)
- Abdominal Swelling
- Fever or Sweating
- Tissue Lumps in the Abdomen
- Bowel Problems
In most cases, peritoneal mesothelioma does not spread to the lungs. It has been shown to spread to the other abdominal areas, such as ovaries, liver, or intestines. This metastasis often causes it to become discovered and sometimes misdiagnosed. Symptoms of stomach pains or ascites sometimes results in a misdiagnosis of hernias or a simple stomachache.
Peritoneal mesothelioma does not usually spread to the lymphatic system (lymph nodes) or blood stream. It usually metastasizes in large masses in the same areas where it originated.
How Does Peritoneal Mesothelioma Develop?
1Asbestos fibers are ingested. This can happen after being inhaled, coughed up, and then swallowed.
2The body attempts to filter and remove them, but the sharp fibers can lodge into the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum). The fibers irritate the peritoneum and can cause genetic damage to cells.
3Genetic damage can keep cells from receiving important signals about when to stop replicating. This causes unchecked cell division and the formation of a malignant tumor. It can take decades for this process to happen.
Doctors may also use a technique called peritoneoscopy. During this procedure, a surgeon makes a small incision on the patient’s abdomen and uses a small camera to explore the abdomen. There is also a tool on the camera that helps to extract tissue on the peritoneum to test for mesothelioma.
Generally, before the tumors start to spread, peritoneal mesothelioma is centralized to the abdomen. As it progresses to stage 2, the mesothelioma may spread more but is still contained in the peritoneum. In the final stage, stage 4, the mesothelioma has spread to other organs, such as the liver and colon.